Useful Resources


You must be sitting there thinking how on earth this dumb carrot would actually help. Hmm, my job is not a tutor like the other learning Japanese blogs, but I like to collect it and absorb information like I do with rain water. What I post here are all things from other websites, but of course, some of my own knowledgeable knowledge. Although for now, as a baby carrot yet to come out of the ‘basics’ shell, I will rely on other wise men for the moment. Just like you, probably. Anyway, here’s the websites I’ve encountered (so far) that are really useful.

Come to this groupie (look at the ‘meet the carrot’ intro for definition) anytime, and look for you fave resource!


Japanese Dictionaries

textfugu : An online Japanese textbook. But this textbook is adorable, and is very ‘conversational’. Season 1, which basically teaches you hiragana and some ways of studying, is amazingly free. The other parts of the textbook are not though, but it’s worth it to pay. Those of you roots and stems who are having a hard time learning hiragana (unlike me, ha), should check it out. I learned hiragana the hard way, so 😛

jisho.org : There are so many functions for this: you can let it output romanji or not output romanji; you can make it only give the common words; you can search for example sentences and kanji.


Pre-Conversation Basics


Conversations? Not yet! Shouldn’t we get some knowledge before the actual thing? Here are some basics I’d like to share! This is what I call collecting. We might hear it often, so it’s not that challenging. This is so we can build up the blocks bit by bit!



どうも有難う = standard but casual way [domoarigatou]

有難う/ありがとう = informal way [arigatou]

どうも = a bit more polite, in between formal and casual [domo]

有難う 御座います = super formal, i.e. thank you very much [arigatou gozaimasu]

P.S Wow, there are so many ways of saying ‘thankyou’. There are even more, but I’ve excluded them because it’s too advanced for us…right? 😀 Well, baby steps.

Credits: I typed what I learned from this wikihow article. Yep, sources are from everywhere!

It is _____

It is a banana = バナナです [banana desu]


こんにちわ= hello, good afternoon (greeting for during the daytime), 10am to 6am, not with family. [konnichiwa]


お母さんはどこですか = Where is your mother?


Some Time and Numbers


Don’t you think some Japanese textbooks are too…’information-overload’? Collecting the pieces of information is what I’m doing right now. See this? I got it from another amazing website I’ve just discovered! It’s super hard and actually pretty advanced for ‘basics’, so memorizing the whole thing from that is not a clever way of learning. So I only focused on this section. I memorized 1-10. Cool huh? How about you? Jiayou, everyone!

Nothing belongs to me! It belongs to this helpful site. Check it out! I really have fallen in love with it. It’s so clear, crisp, clean, slick, informative ❤ link




{For times, the hour is the number followed by 時 (じ), and the minutes are the number followed by 分 (ぷん or ふん, depending on the preceding number) From 1-10, there is a pattern of the usage of ぷん andふん. This pattern repeats for the higher digit numbers as well. }

Differentiating between ぷん andふん…

~{Having ふん}~

2 [skip 3], 5 [skip1], 7[skip1], 9

Minute Kanji  Hiragana
01:00  一分  いっぷん
02:00  二分  にふん
03:00  三分  さんぷん
04:00  四分  よんぷん
05:00  五分 ごふん
06:00  六分  ろっぷん
07:00  七分  ななふん
08:00  八分  はっぷん
09:00  九分  きゅうふん
10:00  十分  じゅっぷん

Irregular ones from 時 (じ)

04:00  四時  よじ

09:00  九時  くじ


Vocabulary Addition


Ahhh, vocabulary. Now that I’ve ‘mastered’ hiragana and katakana, I need to know what they mean. I’ve grouped together another groupie (post that keeps updating), so we can have a vocabulary list, of words we encountered by ourselves! It’s really hard work memorizing vocab from a list; I’d rather we collect them and expand it ourselves. This is my vocab list. You can make your own, or follow mine, it’s up to you! I just think it’s a good way of organizing.

Oh and also, as my list grows (and as yours grow too) we will group it into different categories (food, adjectives, nouns, greetings, etc. Depends.)



はい= yes [hai]

です= polite copula; basically an inverted ‘it is’ [desu]

いいえ= nope/well [yiie]

これは= as for this; hey there; see here; I say [korewa]

あめ= 雨 rain [ame]

か = ? [ka]

おはよう= Good Morning (casual) [ohayoo]

だいがく= 大学 college [daigaku]

じ= 字 word [ji]   as in romanji

からて = 空手 karate [karate]

すし = 寿司 sushi [sushi]

さけ= sake 酒 [sake]

あい = 愛 love [ai]

いい/良い = good [yii; yii or yoi]

やった!= hooray! [yatta!]

ぶどう = 葡萄 grape(s) [budou]

バナナ = banana [banana]

イチゴ/ストロベリー = strawberry (莓) [ichigo/sutoroberiー]

サル = 猿 monkey [saru]

カボチャ = 南瓜 pumpkin [kabocha]

つなみ = 津波 tsunami [tsunami]

せん=線 line [sen]

ようび = 曜日 day of the week [youbi]

な = 鳴 …to make words of ringing, crying, etc. [na]

さんすう = 算数 arithmetic [sansuu]

なぜ? = 何故 why; how [naze]

げんいん = 原因 reason; origin; source [genin]

もんだい = 問題 problem; question [mondai]

わたし = 私 I, used in normal polite occasions, gender neutral [watashi]

彼女 = wife

りょうり= 料理 cuisine, cookery [ryouri]


Basic Grammar (Particles)



Basically I’ll add all particle-related stuff here. A groupie for me, is a post that keeps updating and updating, until I’ve mastered the post, i.e memorized the contents. I think I’ll have many different groupies, and many different groupies just for grammar.

I got this all from other websites. None of the info is by me. I’ll specify if it’s by me.

Alright, let me introduce you all to this helpful site to begin you japlers (japanese-learners): guidetojapanese.org! It’s really helpful, but of course I’m still roaming around looking for even better sites.


Particles are written in Hiragana. Pronunciation of particles 「は」 and 「へ」 are [wa] and [e], not [ha] and [he].

Particle は

Particle は indicates that the previous word is the main topic of the sentence.

Pronunciation of particle は is [wa], not [ha].

Particle へ

Particle へ indicates that the previous word is the destination of an action (like English “to”).

Pronunciation of particle へ is [e] (same as え), not [he].

Particle を

Particle を indicates that the previous word is the object of a verb.


Mastering Hiragana


Hiragana is SO EASY, and fun.

After you’ve memorized the characters, read Japanese articles. Pick out the hiragana characters, skipping kanji and katakana. And then…POOF, you’ve mastered it! Don’t worry too much if you keep forgetting a character; you’ll definitely remember it by more practice!

I just read articles from Girls Channel or from this news site. Girls Channel looks less boring, if that helps 😉

This groupi is full of Hiragana-related things.



Credits: This list below is from textfugu! Amazingly helpful it is; I will further introduce you roots and stems to it later.

い-Column + い – examples: いい、きい、しい、じい

う-Column + う – examples: くう、じゅう、にゅう、りゅう、ふう

え-Column + え – examples: ええ

お-Column + う – examples: おう、こう、そう、とう、じょう、りょう、ぞう、どう、もう

*お-Column + お – examples: おお、とお

*Sometimes お-column kana can be extended with お as well (though you’ll see う extending お-column kana more often).


So sometimes, there are exceptions and weird this-and-thats in Hiragana. So here it is, my listi.

: sometimes when ‘u’ is in a word, it is dropped. What? Why? I don’t know either. For example, ‘desu’. It’s pronounced ‘dez’ instead of ‘de-sue’. Let’s keep this in mind for now!